Wednesday, July 2, 2014

NATIONAL SEMINARY DIPLOMA IN PHILOSOPHY, 2013-2014 (EXAMINATION PAPER)













                         THE NATIONAL SEMINARY OF OUR LADY OF LANKA 
                    (Affiliated to: The Pontifical Urban University, Rome) 
                        AMPITIYA, KANDY, SRI LANKA 

                          National Seminary Diploma in Philosophy, 2013-2014 
                      June 30, 2014 

                Three hours 
       

ANSWER THREE QUESTIONS OF THE FOLLOWING 

1. Sociology 

Post-Independent Sri Lanka has witnessed the rise of ethno-nationalist forces that has led the country and its citizenry towards socio-cultural and political polarization. Even after a 30 year "bloody ethnic conflict", recent violent anti-Muslim sentiments by organizations such as Bodu Bala Sena(BBS) continue to reveal the potency of ethnicity and Nationalism in mobilizing populations against the "other". Even from the vantage point of the South Asian region extreme forms ethnicity and nationalism have stalled the development of nations, making the notion of 'plural society' a dream. 

a. Briefly expose the situational- primordial dialectic of ethnicity and nationalism 

b. Citing examples of ethno-nationalist and religious resurgence from your native country,  discuss the      relevance of class approaches to ethnicity and nationalism. 


2. Philosophical Anthropology 

'Life' is essentially movement. It is not any movement but vital movement caused by an  internal cause. St. Thomas Aquinas comments on this special kind of movement saying"The name of  'Life' is given to a substance to which self-movement and the application  of itself to any kind of operation belong naturally" (Summa Theologica 1,18,2). Taking into consideration these ideas discuss on the phenomenon of 'Life'. 


3. Metaphysics 

Philosophers place the first principles among the necessary judgements. They are termed  first because they the foundations of all reality and thought. The truth of these first  principles does not depend upon our experience. These self-evident principles are of  extreme importance for all knowledge for without them knowledge of whatsoever kind  would be impossible. Comment. 


4. Epistemology 

"Truth is given in the judgement. One of the essential dimensions of judgement is assent:  when judging, the mind adheres to the proposition which expresses the judgement. There  are different possibilities of assent to a proposition, and from these different possibilities  are derived the different states of mind in regard to truth (certitude, opinion, error, faith,  doubt, and suspicion)" - comment. 

5. Natural Theology 

In the history of philosophy, it is not all the questions answered once and for all, rather the  efforts to answer certain questions are still continued. The question on the existence of God  is one among such. Discuss the question on existence of God in general and examine the  "The ontological argument for the existence of God" in detail? 

6. Ethics 

Write an essay on the concept of 'Common Good' with special reference to Political Ethics.